Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Teaching Routines and Procedures

When I first started teaching, I knew there were a few things I was going to have to teach my kids how to do. Like... what to do when they need to use the bathroom, what to do in the morning when they came in, and what to do if their pencil broke. 

I'll never forget my first day in kindergarten when I told my kids, "When I call your name, line up at the door." I started calling names, and my kids started forming a mob at the door. A literal mob. It took me a second, and then I realized that they had NO CLUE what a line was!
Fast forward a few years, and now I know just how many things I need to teach my kids how to do. The list is ENDLESS. Even if I think they might know how to do something, I teach it anyway. I model it, and we practice, and practice, and practice some more.

I've compiled every routine and procedure I could think of into a neat little document for you. Before school starts, download it, go through it, and make sure that you have some way of teaching each thing on the list {during the first few days of school} if it pertains to your classroom.
Here are two of the most important ones and the procedures that I use in my classroom.

1. Lining up
Yes, I figured things out after my first year of teaching. Now I teach my kids how to line up at the door when we need to go somewhere. However, over the years, I've found a few problems with just "lining up."

Problem 1: Everyone wants to be called first. You'd think there was some sort of cash reward for being the line leader. Nope, you just get to wait in line longer than everyone else. Congratulations!

Problem 2: Chatty Cathy and Punchy Peter can't be near each other in line. Let's be real. There are always a few kids who can't be near each other if you want to get going within the next hour. 

Problem 3: Life is over if Friendly Fiona isn't near her "BFF." There's always one kiddo who EVERYONE wants to be next to in line. That poor kid! S/he just wants to wait quietly in line to go to lunch and everyone is pushing and shoving to stand next to him/her for 2.5 minutes!

Problem 4: No-one wants to be last. You call the last person. They refuse to line up. You're not going anywhere today, friends.

So a few years ago, I started using vinyl line up dots. I cut them out with my Silhouette Cameo (I think they're about 1.5" x 1.5") and stick them on the classroom floor. 

I DO NOT number them and here's why. I use classroom numbers for things like book boxes and pencil pouches, and if inevitably I have to move someone's spot in line, it would mess it up if the dots were numbered. So they're not. 

I teach my kids how to walk to the line, stand on their dot, and wait for the rest of the class to line up.
The first spot is always for the line leader. That person changes daily based on who my helper of the day is (I simply go in alphabetical order so everyone gets a pretty equal number of turns). I don't start helper of the day for about the first month of school, so if you happen to be the first person in line until then, you're in luck!!

Speaking of line order, I try to place students in line order based on behavioral observations that my team and I made from our kindergarten screening and visitation. So I will look for someone responsible who I think can handle the responsibility of being the line leader for the first month. This does not mean that our line order will not change. I usually move kiddos around for the first few days until I find something that feels successful, and then for the most part, the line order stays the same unless I reallyyyyyy need to move someone. The only thing that will change is the helper of the day will go to the first dot and their dot will STAY EMPTY. This eliminates the confusion of everyone moving up a dot. Everyone stands on the same spot every day and leaves the helper of the day's dot open. {The same goes if someone is absent}.

And that's all folks! We line up in the same order when coming back from recess and specials too, even though there are no line up dots there, just to keep things consistent! This has seriously been a game changer for me and I highly recommend it!

2. The Bathroom

The bathroom is always a tricky situation because every time someone has their hand up, I think they have a brilliant answer to my question! As it turns out, they either...

1. Want to tell me a story about their hamster

or 2. Need to use the bathroom

More than likely, it's usually the latter. They look so enthusiastic about answering my math problem, and then they're just asking for permission to go to the bathroom. I have a bathroom in my classroom, so it's not a huge deal for them to go. But I hated how it was interrupting our lessons.

So a few years ago, I implemented the use of American sign language into our classroom. Now, when a student has to use the bathroom, they just put their hand in the air and do the bathroom sign (shown below, and you shake your hand back and forth).
They say nothing. And I say nothing. I just nod my head "yes," or shake my head "no." And it's finished. I can keep on teaching and no one even realizes that someone asked to use the bathroom! This has seriously been a life changer for me!

So if you're new to teaching, or not, take some time to sit down and think of what routines and procedures are important to help your classroom run smoothly and when you're going to teach, model, and practice those with your kiddos. The more time you take now, the less you will have to re-teach later!
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Monday, February 26, 2018

Making The Most of Guided Reading

Guided reading is one of my favorite parts of the day. So much magic happens at my guided reading table, and I just LOVE when I see those lightbulbs go off!

But here's what I hate about guided reading. Getting there.

Getting settled in is pure craziness. And it's not all of my kids' fault. The computer isn't working, the iPod died, Clumsy Kevin tripped for the third time and is screaming crying. Sometimes things happen that need my attention, and my poor guided reading group that was sitting waiting patiently for me is now playing tag around the guided reading table.

This is reality. And it's not an "I give up. I'm never going to figure out how to fix this" problem. It's a problem that has a solution. There are so many ways that you can make the most out of your guided reading time and STILL give your much needed attention to those last minute settling in issues.

Just by giving your guided reading kiddos something to kick start their brain and get them ready to go at the table can cut that chaos in HALF. And get them doing something MEANINGFUL while you're at it. Do you really need another reason?!

So, are you wondering what on Earth you're gonna give your kids that they can do by themselves while you make sure everyone is settled in and ready to go so the magic of guided reading can happen? You don't think I'd leave you hangin, do you?

At the beginning of the year, fine motor activities are my BFF. We have a serious relationship. 
Fine motor activities are perfect because there are no academic skills required! Just teach your kiddos how to do it, and they will be flying solo in no time at all. {And the best part is, they just think they're playing!}

Tracing activities are another no brainer. 
Laminate ANYTHING (lines, patterns, letters), and kids can practice tracing with a dry erase marker. Tracing lines is great for beginning writing practice, and I like to have my kids trace the letters that we are learning to write!

As the year goes on, we move on to building sight words.
Put the letters that your kids will need in small containers so they don't need to waste time searching through a huge box. I like to either focus on the sight words we are learning OR the sight words that are in the book we're reading. Leave index cards with the sight words on them in the middle of your guided reading table so your kids know which words to build!

Giving your kids some extra practice with beginning sounds is always a great idea in my book too.
Just give them some pictures, a dry erase marker, and a whiteboard, and they are practicing a super important reading strategy without even knowing it!

Even CVC words is another important beginning reading skill to throw into the mix.
You can differentiate based on your group. Have your high group write the whole CVC word, and your middle/low groups write one or two missing sounds.

The limitations of "warm up work" are only as far as your brain will go, and the rewards are ENDLESS! It has completely changed how my guided reading groups function.

We're already strapped on time for our groups, why not make the most out of each minute?!

If you're interested in trying it out with your class, here are some ideas you can try with your kids RIGHT NOW for free!

But if you want to dive right in with everything ready to go, I've got you covered with the whole set! Grab it right here and start making every minute count!





Thursday, January 11, 2018

Teaching 3D Shapes

3D shapes can be so tricky to teach kinders. Some of the words themselves are so hard to say... cylinder, sphere.. my poor little kids with speech problems! 

I've found that a lot of my kids can identify the shapes for me, but they have trouble telling me their names. So not only do I need to give them opportunities to build and explore the shapes, I need to build in tons of ways for them to practice SAYING the words.

If you're teaching 3D shapes too, here are some engaging and classroom tested ways to teach 3D shapes so they STICK!


Having my kids build the shapes is always important and never gets put on the back burner. It targets my visual, tactile, and kinesthetic learners. #morebangformybuck It also helps my kids get a feel for the properties of the shape, which is important when telling the difference between shapes, even though it's not what I'm asking them to remember.

Sometimes I have them build the shapes with toothpicks and marshmallows. I let my higher kids problem solve to figure out how many toothpicks and marshmallows they will need, and I support my lower kids with these really awesome task cards.

Other times, we use play doh. It can get frustrating for my struggling kiddos sometimes, but I found some great visual steps for how to form each 3D shape.


We also explore how each shape moves. Can it roll? Can it stack? Can it slide? I'm always pretty impressed at how much my kids know before we even put the shapes to the test!

I like giving my kids mini 3D shapes to use for these tests, instead of just having them watch me. Being involved=being engaged!

To practice the name of each 3D shape, we use some catchy tunes. Who doesn't love a good song?! These 3D shape songs go to the tune of "The Farmer in the Dell." 

We sing them every day before we separate into our guided math groups, and they're a great way to get everyone using the shape name without just telling them to say it. 

{We made these up as a class, and I made the executive decision to use the word "points" instead of "vertices" because, come on, the shape names are already hard enough!}


Another class favorite is a game called Hide the Penguin. You've probably seen many different versions of this game. The basic gist is that everyone closes their eyes (no peeking- seriously!!) and I hide my penguin friend, Albert, behind one of the 3D shape cards. {you can name your penguin friend whatever you'd like!} 

To get permission to look behind a card, a student must say the name of the 3D shape and the number (example: Cube #3). If they correctly name the shape, they get to look behind it, and see if Albert is hiding!

If they find Albert, they get the fabulous job of hiding Albert for the next round! 

If you're playing this game with a group of students who are struggling with their 3D shape names, they can say the number on the card, and then "phone a friend" for help with the shape. Almost always, there is at least one person in the group who can help with the name of the shape. And if not, you can be their phone-a-friend too! But once the friend helps, that student needs to repeat the shape name so they get practice saying it as well!

I love this next game because it doesn't have to be used just at "math time." Play it at morning meeting, right after lunch, or just when you have a free minute or two. This one has just enough cards for a small group.

Just like traditional "I have, Who has?," your kids will have fun using the 3D shape name and color to name the shape that they have, and ask who has another 3D shape. It can be played over and over just by shuffling up the cards!

Last but not least, who doesn't love a good spin and color game? No prep always speaks to me! I like this one a lot because my kids need to do some extra thinking to match the 3D shape with the real life object. 

How do I make sure they are practicing their shape names? I have them work with a partner and say the shape name when they spin. They love working with a partner, and I get some accountability out of it. It's a win, win!

Interested in these activities? Click here to grab them for free!

And if you're looking for something REALLY special, don't forget to check out Kindergarten Game Show 3D Shapes Edition!

So, how do you teach 3D shapes in your classroom? I'm always looking for some new ideas! Leave a comment below and share your favorite 3D shape activities!
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