Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Teaching Routines and Procedures

When I first started teaching, I knew there were a few things I was going to have to teach my kids how to do. Like... what to do when they need to use the bathroom, what to do in the morning when they came in, and what to do if their pencil broke. 

I'll never forget my first day in kindergarten when I told my kids, "When I call your name, line up at the door." I started calling names, and my kids started forming a mob at the door. A literal mob. It took me a second, and then I realized that they had NO CLUE what a line was!
Fast forward a few years, and now I know just how many things I need to teach my kids how to do. The list is ENDLESS. Even if I think they might know how to do something, I teach it anyway. I model it, and we practice, and practice, and practice some more.

I've compiled every routine and procedure I could think of into a neat little document for you. Before school starts, download it, go through it, and make sure that you have some way of teaching each thing on the list {during the first few days of school} if it pertains to your classroom.
Here are two of the most important ones and the procedures that I use in my classroom.

1. Lining up
Yes, I figured things out after my first year of teaching. Now I teach my kids how to line up at the door when we need to go somewhere. However, over the years, I've found a few problems with just "lining up."

Problem 1: Everyone wants to be called first. You'd think there was some sort of cash reward for being the line leader. Nope, you just get to wait in line longer than everyone else. Congratulations!

Problem 2: Chatty Cathy and Punchy Peter can't be near each other in line. Let's be real. There are always a few kids who can't be near each other if you want to get going within the next hour. 

Problem 3: Life is over if Friendly Fiona isn't near her "BFF." There's always one kiddo who EVERYONE wants to be next to in line. That poor kid! S/he just wants to wait quietly in line to go to lunch and everyone is pushing and shoving to stand next to him/her for 2.5 minutes!

Problem 4: No-one wants to be last. You call the last person. They refuse to line up. You're not going anywhere today, friends.

So a few years ago, I started using vinyl line up dots. I cut them out with my Silhouette Cameo (I think they're about 1.5" x 1.5") and stick them on the classroom floor. 

I DO NOT number them and here's why. I use classroom numbers for things like book boxes and pencil pouches, and if inevitably I have to move someone's spot in line, it would mess it up if the dots were numbered. So they're not. 

I teach my kids how to walk to the line, stand on their dot, and wait for the rest of the class to line up.
The first spot is always for the line leader. That person changes daily based on who my helper of the day is (I simply go in alphabetical order so everyone gets a pretty equal number of turns). I don't start helper of the day for about the first month of school, so if you happen to be the first person in line until then, you're in luck!!

Speaking of line order, I try to place students in line order based on behavioral observations that my team and I made from our kindergarten screening and visitation. So I will look for someone responsible who I think can handle the responsibility of being the line leader for the first month. This does not mean that our line order will not change. I usually move kiddos around for the first few days until I find something that feels successful, and then for the most part, the line order stays the same unless I reallyyyyyy need to move someone. The only thing that will change is the helper of the day will go to the first dot and their dot will STAY EMPTY. This eliminates the confusion of everyone moving up a dot. Everyone stands on the same spot every day and leaves the helper of the day's dot open. {The same goes if someone is absent}.

And that's all folks! We line up in the same order when coming back from recess and specials too, even though there are no line up dots there, just to keep things consistent! This has seriously been a game changer for me and I highly recommend it!

2. The Bathroom

The bathroom is always a tricky situation because every time someone has their hand up, I think they have a brilliant answer to my question! As it turns out, they either...

1. Want to tell me a story about their hamster

or 2. Need to use the bathroom

More than likely, it's usually the latter. They look so enthusiastic about answering my math problem, and then they're just asking for permission to go to the bathroom. I have a bathroom in my classroom, so it's not a huge deal for them to go. But I hated how it was interrupting our lessons.

So a few years ago, I implemented the use of American sign language into our classroom. Now, when a student has to use the bathroom, they just put their hand in the air and do the bathroom sign (shown below, and you shake your hand back and forth).
They say nothing. And I say nothing. I just nod my head "yes," or shake my head "no." And it's finished. I can keep on teaching and no one even realizes that someone asked to use the bathroom! This has seriously been a life changer for me!

So if you're new to teaching, or not, take some time to sit down and think of what routines and procedures are important to help your classroom run smoothly and when you're going to teach, model, and practice those with your kiddos. The more time you take now, the less you will have to re-teach later!
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Monday, February 26, 2018

Making The Most of Guided Reading

Guided reading is one of my favorite parts of the day. So much magic happens at my guided reading table, and I just LOVE when I see those lightbulbs go off!

But here's what I hate about guided reading. Getting there.

Getting settled in is pure craziness. And it's not all of my kids' fault. The computer isn't working, the iPod died, Clumsy Kevin tripped for the third time and is screaming crying. Sometimes things happen that need my attention, and my poor guided reading group that was sitting waiting patiently for me is now playing tag around the guided reading table.

This is reality. And it's not an "I give up. I'm never going to figure out how to fix this" problem. It's a problem that has a solution. There are so many ways that you can make the most out of your guided reading time and STILL give your much needed attention to those last minute settling in issues.

Just by giving your guided reading kiddos something to kick start their brain and get them ready to go at the table can cut that chaos in HALF. And get them doing something MEANINGFUL while you're at it. Do you really need another reason?!

So, are you wondering what on Earth you're gonna give your kids that they can do by themselves while you make sure everyone is settled in and ready to go so the magic of guided reading can happen? You don't think I'd leave you hangin, do you?

At the beginning of the year, fine motor activities are my BFF. We have a serious relationship. 
Fine motor activities are perfect because there are no academic skills required! Just teach your kiddos how to do it, and they will be flying solo in no time at all. {And the best part is, they just think they're playing!}

Tracing activities are another no brainer. 
Laminate ANYTHING (lines, patterns, letters), and kids can practice tracing with a dry erase marker. Tracing lines is great for beginning writing practice, and I like to have my kids trace the letters that we are learning to write!

As the year goes on, we move on to building sight words.
Put the letters that your kids will need in small containers so they don't need to waste time searching through a huge box. I like to either focus on the sight words we are learning OR the sight words that are in the book we're reading. Leave index cards with the sight words on them in the middle of your guided reading table so your kids know which words to build!

Giving your kids some extra practice with beginning sounds is always a great idea in my book too.
Just give them some pictures, a dry erase marker, and a whiteboard, and they are practicing a super important reading strategy without even knowing it!

Even CVC words is another important beginning reading skill to throw into the mix.
You can differentiate based on your group. Have your high group write the whole CVC word, and your middle/low groups write one or two missing sounds.

The limitations of "warm up work" are only as far as your brain will go, and the rewards are ENDLESS! It has completely changed how my guided reading groups function.

We're already strapped on time for our groups, why not make the most out of each minute?!

If you're interested in trying it out with your class, here are some ideas you can try with your kids RIGHT NOW for free!

But if you want to dive right in with everything ready to go, I've got you covered with the whole set! Grab it right here and start making every minute count!





Thursday, January 11, 2018

Teaching 3D Shapes

3D shapes can be so tricky to teach kinders. Some of the words themselves are so hard to say... cylinder, sphere.. my poor little kids with speech problems! 

I've found that a lot of my kids can identify the shapes for me, but they have trouble telling me their names. So not only do I need to give them opportunities to build and explore the shapes, I need to build in tons of ways for them to practice SAYING the words.

If you're teaching 3D shapes too, here are some engaging and classroom tested ways to teach 3D shapes so they STICK!


Having my kids build the shapes is always important and never gets put on the back burner. It targets my visual, tactile, and kinesthetic learners. #morebangformybuck It also helps my kids get a feel for the properties of the shape, which is important when telling the difference between shapes, even though it's not what I'm asking them to remember.

Sometimes I have them build the shapes with toothpicks and marshmallows. I let my higher kids problem solve to figure out how many toothpicks and marshmallows they will need, and I support my lower kids with these really awesome task cards.

Other times, we use play doh. It can get frustrating for my struggling kiddos sometimes, but I found some great visual steps for how to form each 3D shape.


We also explore how each shape moves. Can it roll? Can it stack? Can it slide? I'm always pretty impressed at how much my kids know before we even put the shapes to the test!

I like giving my kids mini 3D shapes to use for these tests, instead of just having them watch me. Being involved=being engaged!

To practice the name of each 3D shape, we use some catchy tunes. Who doesn't love a good song?! These 3D shape songs go to the tune of "The Farmer in the Dell." 

We sing them every day before we separate into our guided math groups, and they're a great way to get everyone using the shape name without just telling them to say it. 

{We made these up as a class, and I made the executive decision to use the word "points" instead of "vertices" because, come on, the shape names are already hard enough!}


Another class favorite is a game called Hide the Penguin. You've probably seen many different versions of this game. The basic gist is that everyone closes their eyes (no peeking- seriously!!) and I hide my penguin friend, Albert, behind one of the 3D shape cards. {you can name your penguin friend whatever you'd like!} 

To get permission to look behind a card, a student must say the name of the 3D shape and the number (example: Cube #3). If they correctly name the shape, they get to look behind it, and see if Albert is hiding!

If they find Albert, they get the fabulous job of hiding Albert for the next round! 

If you're playing this game with a group of students who are struggling with their 3D shape names, they can say the number on the card, and then "phone a friend" for help with the shape. Almost always, there is at least one person in the group who can help with the name of the shape. And if not, you can be their phone-a-friend too! But once the friend helps, that student needs to repeat the shape name so they get practice saying it as well!

I love this next game because it doesn't have to be used just at "math time." Play it at morning meeting, right after lunch, or just when you have a free minute or two. This one has just enough cards for a small group.

Just like traditional "I have, Who has?," your kids will have fun using the 3D shape name and color to name the shape that they have, and ask who has another 3D shape. It can be played over and over just by shuffling up the cards!

Last but not least, who doesn't love a good spin and color game? No prep always speaks to me! I like this one a lot because my kids need to do some extra thinking to match the 3D shape with the real life object. 

How do I make sure they are practicing their shape names? I have them work with a partner and say the shape name when they spin. They love working with a partner, and I get some accountability out of it. It's a win, win!

Interested in these activities? Click here to grab them for free!

And if you're looking for something REALLY special, don't forget to check out Kindergarten Game Show 3D Shapes Edition!

So, how do you teach 3D shapes in your classroom? I'm always looking for some new ideas! Leave a comment below and share your favorite 3D shape activities!

Monday, December 11, 2017

Elf On The Shelf Kindness Challenge

If you're on my email list, you know that I've been having a battle with myself: to elf, or not to elf? (If you're not on my email list, let's be friends! Sign up here!)
I've been going back and forth since Thanksgiving trying to decide if I should bring the elf to our classroom this year. Two years ago, it was a HUGE hit. Our classroom was a magical place with special elf journals, a magic mailbox, and an elf that wrote letters back and forth to my delighted students.  Last year, our elf went back to The North Pole. (enough said)
Well, I've finally made a decision. My kids are going to earn our elf this year. How? I'm glad you asked! We've been a little C.R.A.Z.Y in room 23 the past week or so, so I've decided I want to tap into our kindness to hopefully help us simmer down for the last 10 days of school. Because what I DON'T want is for the elf to make us spiral into even more craziness. (Yes, I know, I try to promote the fun in kindergarten, but there's only so much a girl can take!)
So here's the plan. We're going to have 5 kindness challenges. One each day. And if we can successfully complete each challenge, our elf will come next Monday to join us for our last week before break. 
These aren't gonna be hard things for my kids to do, but some nice things we can do as a class to promote kindness and classroom community. I WANT them to be successful, so they can see that it feels good to be kind!
If you want to try this with your class too, click here to grab it for free! It's editable too, so you can add your own kindness challenges! Enjoy!
-Gina

Use the image below to pin it for later!


Thursday, December 7, 2017

Letter Identification Intervention

Every year, I have a few friends who really get stuck with letter ID. While the rest of my class is cruising along with letters and sounds, I'm stuck on how to best help these kids. Sometimes it feels like no matter what I try (singing, standing on tables, hitting my head against the wall), it just doesn't stick!

I've finally found a few engaging and effective activities that have helped my struggling kids reach mastery with their letters and sounds. As happy as I am to share them with you, I'm also writing them down so next year, I don't forget what I did! (Trust me, it happens more than you think!)
#1: Salt Boxes: This one is just made with a pencil box and some salt. You can add food coloring to make the salt different colors if you want, or put card stock on the bottom of the container so a color shows through when kids write.

Connecting the visual representation of the letters to tactile learning is a great way to blend two different learning styles together. Try having students say the letter name as they form the letter with their finger in the salt.

If they're having trouble forming the letter, ditch the salt box, and trace over the letter with your hot glue gun. Then, your kids can just trace over the letter right on the card with their finger. You'll still tap into their tactile learning style because they will feel the hot glue as they run their finger over the letter.
#2: Play Doh Mats: Having kids roll out play doh and use it to form letters is another way to merge visual and kinesthetic learning styles. Using a play doh mat with an image that starts with the first sound of that letter will also help students practice the sound that the letter makes.

#3 Sorts, Sorts, and More Sorts: You can never do enough sorting letters and pictures (by beginning sound). We cut apart the letter and picture stickers in the top pictures for students to sort. (Stickers just make everything more fun!) If you don't have letter stickers, any cards like the ones in the second image work just as well.
#4 Differentiate: Find out what letters each student is struggling with, and focus on those letters. I create a home-school intervention program for these kiddos to practice their letters and sounds. They bring their pocket folder home each night to practice their letters, and then back to school the next day to practice with me. I have seen huge growth by personalizing their learning!

#5 Fun Songs: Learning is tough for some kids and can get frustrating really easily! I like to use fun songs to make learning more exciting and less scary! This ABC Song from Have Fun Teaching is my favorite!

#6 Interactive Technology: Last, but definitely not least, kids LOVE technology. Teach Your Monster to Read is a FREE website where you can differentiate levels for your students (First Steps for those kids just learning letters and sounds, Fun With Words for those who are ready for sight words, and Champion Reader for those who are ready for short sentences). It's fun, engaging, and PERFECT for your struggling kiddos! They won't even know they're learning!

Now I can relax knowing that these ideas are saved for next year! I hope you found a few ideas that will work for you and your class too!

-Gina

Use the image below to pin for later!


Saturday, April 15, 2017

Revamping Guided Math

I've been writing this post in my head for a while, but have been putting off writing it down on the blog because I thought it showed failure. But then I realized that I want to make sure I share with you the real side of teaching, not just the highlight reel

My hope for this post is that it shows you that it's okay to try something and then change it... even half way through the year. Teaching is all about doing what's right for your kids, so if something isn't working for them... fix it! {And I apologize if it gets lengthy!}

I started the year how I do each year with guided math. Here's the format that I found has worked for my class every year so far (and I now stress the SO FAR part): one group meets with me, one group works on the computers (we used to have a program called SuccessMaker, but now we use a free website called happynumbers.com), and two groups go to math stations. 

This format "worked" for a while, but when we came back from Christmas break, I realized something was wrong. I knew I was meeting the needs of all of my kids because of the activities I was choosing and how I was differentiating, but I still didn't FEEL like I was meeting the needs of all of my kids, because I just wasn't seeing them enough. 

In the past, I was able to meet with all 4 groups in a day. With our schedule this year (and the fact that I have 5 groups because of large class sizes), I can only meet with 1 or 2 groups a day, so there were some kids I was only seeing once a week. Even though I knew they were making growth from looking at their work, I didn't feel like I knew them as mathematicians.

And I could see it in my kids. My kids weren't engaged. They wanted to do math with me. I was leaving my table A LOT to redirect kids. I was dreading teaching math. I didn't know what was going on since "my guided math" had always worked great.

So I made a change. I split the kids up into smaller groups of 3 and chose the most engaging, open ended math stations that I could. This may be the most important part. I needed the math stations to be open ended so that no matter how many times my kids went to a math station, they could have a NEW, meaningful experience there. So no, I don't change out the stations often. (We've actually been using the same stations for 3 weeks now) There are no matching games. We use a lot of dice, a lot of spinners, and a lot of playing cards. This way, they can never say "I've already played this game," because the game will be new each time they play. Here are some of our favorites:

*Let's Go Fishing: Students choose 2 fish cards to create an addition equation to solve. They can use the fish bowl mat and manipulatives to help them solve the equation. Differentiate by splitting the cards into different baggies (1-5 number cards and 1-10 number cards)

*Spin and Color: Students will use a pencil and a paper clip to spin the spinners. Two versions: spin an equation and color the sum OR spin the sum and color the matching equation. Make it reusable by putting the mats in a sheet protector and having kids spin and COVER instead of spin and COLOR.
*Drop It, Build It: Students will drop 2 manipulative on the playing mat, and add the 2 numbers together. They will cover the sum on the picture with a pattern block.
*Race To Add: Students will play this board game with a partner. The partner will read the equation, and the student will answer with the sum. The partner can check the answer in the bottom right hand corner of the card! Differentiated for you- green cards are sums to 5 and blue cards are sums to 10!
*Playing Card Subtraction- Students will choose 2 playing cards and make a subtraction equation to solve.

We also use our iPads as one of our stations (which are engaging themselves). Kindergarten Game Show allows me to differentiate for my kids and have them play games that focus on the skills they need to work on.

While the kids are engaged in their math stations, I have one small group with me. I introduce them to a new concept, we do some guided practice, and I get them started on some independent practice. Then, I leave them to work for a bit, and I go around the room and work with the rest of the kids. I give support to some kids, and extend the learning of others. My students can not WAIT to show me the work that they've done. 

By doing this, I'm able to see each one of my kids each day, whether or not they are actually in "my group." I have seen SO much growth in my kids since we've started this "new" guided math format, and I now feel that I really know each one of them as mathematicians! I hope I've given you some ideas you can try in your classroom too! If you want to give these math stations a try too, you can find them here!
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Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Thankful for YOU!

Do you celebrate Friendsgiving? This year I am having a virtual Thanksgiving Potluck with some of my teacher besties! We have so much to be thankful for, and we wanted share our blessing with you!
We created a FREE Classroom Cornucopia of our best selling resources! These are some of our favorite classroom creations that can be used throughout the year. Here's a taste of everything we shared in our Cornucopia...

Emily from Polka Dots Please shared a Tooth Word Bank that can be used for writing folders, anchor charts, or a creative writing center. There are pictures to match every word so little writers feel inspired and supported! (This is a BONUS word bank that is not included in the original set!)



Alisha from Missing Tooth Grins shared Winter Main Idea Passages. These main idea passages are designed for the winter months and help your students understand and practice telling the main idea and supporting details from a short passage. They are consistent, easy to use, and require no prep!



Jessica from Mrs. Stanford's Class shared Post It Note Reminders! These easy to use sticky note reminders are a great way to keep notes home consistent in your classroom. All you need to do is print the template, stick the post its, and print again. Have them stocked up in your drawer for your next writing checklist! Parents and students will love the consistency these checklists can bring to your classroom! Teachers will love the convenience! 



Katie from Simply Creative Teaching shared Place Value Exit Slips from her Math Exit Slips for every Common Core math standard! You can grab exit slips for kindergarten, first grade, and second grade! They are designed to be completed in 5 minutes or less and there are 4 to a page for quick and easy printing. 
Kelly from Sweet Sounds of Kindergarten shared Kindergarten Reading Comprehension Stories that are so much fun for emergent readers! Students read a text with CVC words and sight words while using the tracking dots to point to the words as they read. Students color a star or symbol at the top of the page each time they read. Four comprehension questions are included (multiple choice and fill in the blank). Additional practice is included on the bottom of the page with CVC words or seasonal vocabulary.


Diane from One Giggle At a Time shared her best selling Joke of the Day Set! It's her favorite part of every school day, and it has been rated by her firsties on the Top Ten List of Bests in her classroom for years! Every day of the school year, her class starts the day with a joke, a fact, and a question to ponder together. It is a great way to join together to share some giggles, some deep thinking, and a little each other. Joke of The Day set includes daily cards that can be printed out or a Smartboard version that can be displayed on the screen each morning as the students come in. 



Amber from A Smiling Teacher shared Editable Sight Word Lists! 
They make it easy for teachers to differentiate sight word and spelling practice while giving your students choice! The pack includes 15 word work activities that require little to no prep and can be used with any spelling or sight word list! Students loves the variety of choices and teachers love that students are working on words that are just right for them! EDITABLE word lists are included and make it easy to personalize learning! 


Elyse from A is for Apples shared differentiated reading logs! They are the perfect way to hold students and parents accountable for reading at home while also making it fun! Students color in a picture every time they read a book, and you can choose from over 20 recording pages to meet the needs of all your learners!


Gina from Teaching with Heart shared Work on Writing. You can easily create ENGAGING and MEANINGFUL writing center activities for your kindergarteners or first graders! The pack includes lots of activities so you and differentiate and scaffold to meet the needs of your students!

We are so thankful this year and happy to share our Classroom Cornucopia with you! You can download the whole 43 page pack here or click on the picture below! Happy Thanksgiving Friends!



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